Do you suffer from Dysbiosis?


Intestinal dysbiosis means there is an imbalance between the microorganisms - as in the helpful “good” bacteria and the unhelpful “bad” bacteria within the gut.


There are around 100 trillion bacteria in our bodies. Bacteria can be found in the mouth, on the skin, in the uro-genital tract and in the intestines.







The importance of a healthy gut flora


More than a 1000 types of bacteria are located in the large intestine.Commensal bacteria (the beneficial ones), contribute to our health in many ways:




  • Play an important role in the body’s immune system to protect us against pathogens - around 80% of our immune system is located in the gut


  • They support vitamin B and K production and the absorption of vitamins and minerals through the gut wall


  • Reduce the risk of developing allergies and intolerances by aiding immune modulation


  • Help to create and maintain an environment that discourages the growth of pathogenic (harmful) bacteria and other microorganisms like fungi, by controlling acidity and oxygen levels within the gut


  • They have a positive effect on the gut-brain barrier - researches has shown that a well balanced microbiome is linked to reduced levels of anxiety, depression, and hyperactivity by directly influencing the hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal axis


  • They support the maintenance of healthy weight by supporting metabolic pathways and reducing cravings - this reduce the risk of the development of Type 2 Diabetes


  • Beneficial gut bacteria produce butyrate (a short chain fatty acid) which has an important role in reducing inflammation and promotes healthy gut lining



Signs and symptoms


Everyone’s microbiome is unique to them and the balance between the beneficial and the harmful bacteria is very important to our health. Changes in the location or the functioning of the microorganisms in the intestines or the overgrowth of the pathogenic bacteria can lead to many issues:


  • Bloating

  • Nausea

  • Acne

  • Skin issues

  • Heartburn

  • Headaches

  • Constipation or diarrhoea

  • Fatigue

  • Sugar cravings

  • Depression

  • Anxiety

  • Weight gain or difficulty losing weight

  • Poor immune health

  • Inflammation/joint pain



Causes of dysbiosis


There are multiple factors that may be at play in the development of dysbiosis such as:


Use of antibiotics and some other medications


Poor diet - a diet low in fibre and nutrients will result in a reduction in the diversity of commensal bacteria


High alcohol intake


High stress levels


Environmental toxins


Birth (Cesarean versus vaginal birth)


Surgery


Consequences of dysbiosis


If gut dysbiosis left untreated for a long time, it can become a contributing factor of the development of different kinds of conditions for example:


  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)

  • Type 2 diabetes

  • Metabolic syndrome

  • Eczema

  • Anxiety/Depression

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis

  • Obesity

  • Allergies and intolerances

  • Lupus

  • Multiple Sclerosis


How to look after the good bacteria


Eat more variety - aim to eat around 30 different types of plant foods a week including fruits/vegetables/nuts/seeds/spices and herbs to supply all the different nutrients your gut flora needs


Eat prebiotic foods to feed the commensal bacteria - asparagus, bananas, onions, garlic, cabbage, chicory root, dandelion greens, beans and lentils


Eat probiotic foods - foods that naturally contain beneficial bacteria - fermented foods such as tempeh, kefir, kimchi, sauerkraut and kombucha


Starve the bad ones by avoiding the foods they feed on - alcohol, processed foods and sugar


Reduce stress - walk, meditate, do yoga or some breathing exercises




If your would like helo with your gut health check out our gut check packages here

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